In 1963 Jinnah Hospital was separated from Dow medical College and designated as the first Post-Graduate Medical Center of the country, starting the fellowship training programs in various specialties with the cooperation of Indiana University of USA. Pediatrics was one of them. Formal training for MCPS Pediatrics was started same year. Additionally a program of Diarrhea Research was set up under PL 40 program. Indeed this was the first research project of the country in the medical field. Another research project of study on the incidence of Phenylketonueria in Karachi Children was also started. In Pediatric surgery Burns research projects was initiated in 1970. There was fair amount of exchange of teachers between Indiana University and JPMC. Gradually the staff of the School of Pediatrics also grew in number.
Soon a sixty beds Children Hospital became too small for the needs of the growing number of patients. A proposal for the construction of new first multistory children hospital of Karachi was approved in 1965, but due to the war it took another five years to complete the building at the site of previous civil surgeon’s office of Federal Government. During this period this new project of expansion of School of Pediatrics faced many ups and downs. In late 1971 the old furniture with the existing staff of the school of Pediatrics was shifted from JPMC to the new building. The Medical Unit occupying the first floor and Surgical the 2nd floor. Still being part of the JPMC where the ward was assigned the number of I8 and 19 they continued to be designated as ward 18 and 19, and later with further expansion 18 Unit I, II , III and 19A and 19B.This nomenclature continues to this day as well. In 1979 President Zia ul Haq paid a visit to the School of Pediatrics and at the request of the senior staff declared it as the National Institute of Child Health (NICH).
In April 1990, NICH separated from JPMC, and made an attached department of the Federal Ministry of Health. Prof. Nizam ul Hassan, the senior pediatric surgeon of the country, was made its first Executive Director. Since then many new projects have been completed and many are presently running. PC I of future expansion of facilities are in pipeline and hopefully will make this institution a center of excellence of world standard, which at present is trend setter for other institutions of the country.